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You Are Here: History of Psychology Centre > History & Research > History of the British Psychological Society > Founder Members > Alexander Shand

Alexander Faulkner Shand (1858-1936)*

Alexander Faulkner Shand was educated at Eton and Cambridge, where he graduated in the Moral Sciences Tripos in 1881. He became a barrister at Law, Lincoln’s Inn, in 1887, but he never practised or held any academic post. After graduating from Cambridge he took up residence in Edwardes Place, Kensington, where he lived till his death.

In the period 1888-91 he published in Mind on the theory of knowledge and metaphysics and in 1894-97 on psychological topics, especially on the psychology of feeling and will. In one of these he introduced his definition of ‘sentiment’. In 1914 he published Foundations of Character, which had a second edition in 1920 and a third in 1937. Prior to his death he was working on its second volume, but his manuscript was too incomplete for publication.

A.F. Shand was the first Secretary and Treasurer of the British Psychological Society. In 1907 he was appointed to the British Association subcommittee on psychology. He addressed the British Psychological Society on several occasions, for example in the 1922 symposium ‘The Relations of Complex and Sentiment’. In the early days of the Society he often acted as host at the dinners that accompanied the meetings.

Shand was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1929.

* The text here is adapted from John Kenna’s ‘Biographical Notes on the Ten Founding Members’, published in Steinberg, H. (Ed.) (1961) The British Psychological Society 1901-1961. Supplement to the Bulletin of the British Psychological Society.

See also obituary published in the British Journal of Psychology

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